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What is LaLiga?

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What is LaLiga?

LaLiga is a global, innovative and socially responsible organisation, a leader in the leisure and entertainment sector. It is a private sports association composed of the 20 clubs and SADs (public limited sports companies) in LaLiga Santander and the 22 in LaLiga SmartBank, responsible for the organisation of these national professional football competitions.

With headquarters in Madrid (Spain), it is present in 55 countries through its 11 offices and 46 delegates.

In the 2018/2019 season, LaLiga reached more than 2.7 billion people globally.

The association carries out its social action through its Foundation and is the world's first pro essional football league with a league for intellectually challenged footballers: LaLiga Genuine Santander.

LaLiga today

Since 2013 and Javier Tebas's appointment as president, LaLiga has embarked on a journey of growth and constant evolution based on financial controls, the centralised sale of audiovisual rights and a strategy of internationalisation and technological leadership. All of this has made the institution a role model within the sector and one of the best professional leagues within the world of sport, which is serving to attract the interest of new generations.

Financial controls

In 2013, the debts held by the LaLiga clubs and SADs with the Spanish tax authorities (Hacienda) stood at €650 million and, two years prior to this, the number of complaints brought by players over non-payment of wages amounted to 341 and involved a total of €84m.

The impact that the financial controls have had on the LaLiga clubs and SADs can be summarised as follows:

  • There are currently no outstanding player wage, tax or Social Security payments.
  • The debt with the Spanish tax authorities has been reduced by €597m as of December 2019.
  • A genuine competition has been created and financial doping has been prevented.

All of this makes LaLiga more solvent, attractive and stronger, with this growth reflected in player salaries, which serves to improve the competitive level across the competition.

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Audiovisual rights

LaLiga is responsible for the joint marketing of the audiovisual rights on behalf of the LaLiga Santander and LaLiga SmartBank clubs and SADs.

The audiovisual rights, which are valued at over €2.1 billion per season in the current audiovisual cycle, represent the clubs' main source of revenue, exceeding 60% of revenue for the majority of clubs.

The Royal Decree-Law 5/2015 establishes the criteria for the distribution of broadcasting revenue obtained from the joint exploitation and marketing of the audiovisual rights.

Derechos audiovisuales brutos

Comercializados del fútbol profesional español (Mn€)

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(*) El mercado internacional no se negocia por trienios, pero se opta por presentarlo con esta periodicidad para adecuarlo al del mercado nacional y favorecer la comparabilidad entre ciclos.
(**) Ingresos brutos comercializados (no se corresponde con los ingresos netos percibidos por los Clubes o SADs, al tenerque descontar los gastos de producción correspondientes según la legislación vigente).
No incluye cantidades repartidas por la UEFA (“market pool” audiovisual, dentro de Ingresos por Retransmisión, u otras distribuciones realizadas por el organismo que se encuentran incluidas dentro del epígrafe de ingresos por Matchday).
A efectos de comparabilidad, se han eliminado en el cómputo del Primer Ciclo / de los años anteriores a RDL 5/2015) los derechos por la comercialización de la Copa del Rey (aprox. 65 Mn€ brutos por temporada), que en segundo ciclo que en segundo ciclo que comienza en la temporada en curso (T19-20) realiza directamente la Real Federación Española de Fútbol (RFEF).

International growth

Foreign interest in the Spanish game has grown exponentially in recent years. LaLiga works on a daily basis to promote Spanish football beyond the country's borders, with the objective of creating a community of fans throughout the world.

LaLiga's global expansion is underpinned by the following three cornerstones: its international offices, the network of LaLiga Global Network delegates and the joint ventures it is working on in different areas of the world.

LaLiga's international offices are located in:

  • BelgiumBelgium (Brussels)
  • IndiaIndia (New Delhi)
  • ChinaChina (Shanghai)
  • NigeriaNigeria (Lagos)
  • ChinaChina (Beijing)
  • MexicoMexico (Mexico City)
  • South AfricaSouth Africa (Johannesburg)
  • SingaporeSingapore (Singapore)
  • United StatesUnited States (New York)
  • UKUK (London)
  • United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates (Dubai)

Meanwhile, the 45 LaLiga Global Network delegates are based in destinations across the five continents.

LaLiga is actively engaged in two strategic joint-venture partnerships:

  • LaLiga North America, in association with RELEVENT
  • LaLiga China, in association with Mediapro and Super Sports

LaLiga's internationalisation efforts saw the institution named the Honorary Ambassador of Brand Spain in the international relations category in 2019, "on account of its contribution to offering a positive image of Spain across the world through football" and "assisting the internationalisation of both Spanish companies and athletes."

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Innovation & technology

Innovation and technology currently represent one of the cornerstones of LaLiga's medium- and long-term growth.

The clubs' association boasts a digital ecosystem that combines channels, services and data. The combination of these elements provides LaLiga with a complete overview, which the organisation uses to improve its audiovisual product for the benefit of supporters, sponsors, broadcasters and, of course, the clubs.

Audiovisual quality

  • 4K – HDR PRODUCTION
    LaLiga uses over 30 cameras for the biggest matches of each season
  • AERIAL CAMERA
    A bird’s eye camera located at a height of 21 metres
  • 360º REPLAYS
    This technology uses 38 ultra-high definition cameras situated throughout the stadium to create volumetric videos in 360º to offer stunning action replays
  • LIVE 3D GRAPHICS
    LaLiga is the only domestic competition in the world that uses the innovative technology offered by Live 3D Graphics to generate virtual graphics during broadcasts

BI&A

The field of Business Intelligence & Analytics has represented the backbone of LaLiga's innovation through a transformative process that has seen the organisation evolve towards a much more data-driven approach. The aim is to centralise, organise, prepare and provide all of the necessary information so that decision-making is based on data and can be carried out as effectively and efficiently as possible.

LaLigaSportsTV: La OTT de LaLiga

LaLigaSportsTV is an over-the-top (OTT) media platform which enables LaLiga to remain at the forefront of technology within the audiovisual sector and innovate to allow fans to enjoy all sporting disciplines.

The platform offers free coverage of live and pre-recorded content, reports and interviews relating to the main competitions run by Spanish federations and leagues. This allows LaLiga to offer greater visibility and exposure of other sporting disciplines that are not covered by the traditional channels and whose content is disseminated in a very limited way amongst fans.

This project has seen LaLiga achieve growth by building bridges with other sports and sharing the knowledge gained in recent years in the football industry, whilst also promoting the Spanish sporting brand.

Technology tools developed by LaLiga

LaLiga's technology and innovation development has led to the creation of a series of tools and applications that assist with decision-making, as well as help carry out daily tasks.

The following are examples of the proprietary tools developed by LaLiga:

  • Mediacoach
    This suite of advanced tools provides the 42 LaLiga Santander and LaLiga SmartBank clubs with analysis and statistics to help them improve their performance levels in the competition. An advanced system of tracking cameras records and monitors player and ball movement, which allows for a more in-depth study of the play and the technical-tactical and fitness aspects involved in a game.
  • Calendar Selector
    This LaLiga-developed tool uses machine learning and algorithms to suggest the kick-off times that will optimise TV audience and stadium attendance figures. The application, which is stored in the cloud, employs historical audience and attendance data plus a further 70 variables.
  • Sunlight Broadcasting Planning
    This application forecasts the natural light conditions for each game. It indicates which areas of the stadium will be in the sunlight and the shade, which offers a preview of how the sun will impact on the TV image and on supporters, players, etc. and therefore helps when it comes to scheduling kick-off times. Within this application, LaLiga uses a 3D reconstruction of the stadiums.

Integrity & security

Battle against match-fixing

One of LaLiga's priorities is the fight against sporting corruption and the promotion of good practice within the game. The institution works on the following aspects in this field:

Talks are delivered to all players and professionals at the LaLiga clubs, including the reserve teams, about integrity and the legal and administrative consequences of any possible involvement in match-fixing.

Football matches across Spanish football are monitored on a 24/7 basis. LaLiga has developed Tyche 3.0, software that monitors and analyses global betting activity relating to Spanish football, for this purpose. The program uses machine learning algorithms to enable possible cases of match-fixing to be identified more quickly and in a more objective and effective manner.

LaLiga is a member of the National Commission against the manipulation of sporting competitions and betting-related fraud, a body where it is joined by the following organisations: the General Directorate for the Regulation of Gaming, the National Police, the Civil Guard, the Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) and online gaming operators.

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Battle against violence

Another of LaLiga's main objectives concerns the battle against violence in and around football stadiums.

To achieve this objective, LaLiga coordinates and collaborates with those responsible for security within the clubs and is a member of the National Commission against violence, racism, xenophobia and intolerance in sport and works very closely with the National Sports Office and the State Law Enforcement Agencies.

LaLiga submits a weekly report to the RFEF's Competition Committee and the Anti-violence Committee with information regarding chants heard during matches that incite violence or feature content that is insulting or displays an attitude of intolerance.

Battle against piracy

In a show of responsibility, LaLiga safeguards its product through the efforts of its technological protection of content department, which employs around 20 experts. This department uses internally developed tools that help to combat piracy, such as Marauder, Lumière, Black Hole and Neko. LaLiga shares its know-how in this field with other organisations, including Dorna Sports, Belgium's Jupiler Pro League and the Spanish government's Ministry of Culture.

Corporate Social Responsibility

LaLiga is aware of the impact and influence that football has within society and, as such, pursues a strategic aim that sees the organisation lead ethical, social and environmental initiatives under the umbrella of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

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LaLiga FOUNDATION

LaLiga carries out its social outreach work through its Foundation, which was founded in 1993 and is a pioneer in the world of professional football. The LaLiga FOUNDATION's projects pursue the objective of transforming society through positive footballing values, such as integrity, hard work, self-improvement, collaboration and teamwork.

The LaLiga FOUNDATION's activities can be divided up into the following three main categories:

  • Institutional activities
  • Cultural and educational activities
  • Social activities

Amongst the various projects led by the LaLiga FOUNDATION, the following are of particular note:

  • LaLiga Genuine Santander: A social responsibility and integration initiative that is a pioneer on a global level and features a football league composed of teams of people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Now in its third season, the competition features the participation of 36 professional football clubs and aims to normalise the practice of football within the ID community, promote a commitment across the professional game to this socially responsible project and make LaLiga an agent for social change.
  • Fans of the Future: An educational project which displays a firm commitment to equipping children with the tools to become respectful fans of the future and allow them to identify anti-sporting attitudes, both on and off the field of play.
  • LaLiga Za’atari Social Project: The LaLiga FOUNDATION runs this project alongside LaLiga's sporting projects department, the Global Network delegation in the United Arab Emirates and local NGO AFDP Global at the Za'atari refugee camp in Jordan, where the institution promotes and leads a socio-educational outreach programme through football aimed at improving the quality of life of the children and young people of Za'atari.
  • Fair Play Social Project: This scheme seeks for professional football to up its game in terms of social responsibility through actions that can be commonly implemented by all clubs in the field of corporate social responsibility, aiming to offer a far more coherent and cohesive image in this regard, raising awareness of all of the social outreach activities carried out across the professional game.

It's not football. It's LaLiga

Women's football

In October 2015, LaLiga decided to become actively involved in promoting and developing the female game and opened a women's football department to lead, along with the clubs, several strategies and initiatives targeted at enhancing and professionalising the competition, generating value, maximising visibility and promoting the international growth of its clubs and players.

LaLiga Business School

The LaLiga Business School, founded and run by LaLiga in conjunction with the Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, is a project that galvanizes LaLiga's commitment to education and which aims to train talent with a view to professionalising the sports industry.

The school's three programmes, taught by LaLiga professionals, representatives from its member clubs and industry experts are as follows: Global Sports Marketing; Law Applied to Professional Football; and Management, Methodology and Analysis in Football. The school also offers various specialist courses, both in Spain and other countries throughout the world.

LaLiga ProPlayer

This project, which is led and driven by LaLiga along with Santander Bank and AGM, involves a comprehensive support programme aimed at youth players from the LaLiga Santander and LaLiga SmartBank clubs, each of which nominates a player, to help them to secure scholarships to attend US universities, where they are able to pursue their football careers alongside their academic studies.

LaLigaSports

Since 2016, LaLiga has supported 64 sports federations and 4,200 elite athletes, not only financially, but also by offering them the use of LaLiga's infrastructure with a view to improving the visibility and development of the Spanish sports industry.

LaLiga offers its experience as well as its financial and human resources to Spanish sport to enhance the work being carried out in the field, but also in an effort to improve knowledge and spheres of activity that allow for sport to establish itself as one of the best communication vehicles available to brands.

eLaLiga Santander & other virtual games

In addition to its real-life football competition, in the 2017/18 season, LaLiga decided to enter the world of e-Sports.

The 2019/20 edition of eLaLiga Santander, the official EA SPORTS TM FIFA 20 Global Series competition in Spain, involved the participation of 34 LaLiga Santander and LaLiga SmartBank clubs.

LaLiga has also developed a number of apps and virtual games:

  • Official LaLiga App
  • Quiniela (football pools)
  • Club apps (available for 23 LaLiga clubs)
  • LaLiga Fantasy MARCA
  • Head Football
  • Tiny Striker LaLiga
  • LaLiga Top Cards
  • LaLiga Educational Games
  • Voice assistants (Google, Cortana, Skype, Samsung Bixby, Movistar Home)
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